DETERMINERS AND QUANTIFIERS

SOME / ANY

 

“Some and any” are determiners and they express an indefinite quantity or number. “Some and Any” are used when it is not easy, necessary or important to say exactly how many / how much we want to mean. They are both used with countable and uncountable nouns. 

 

SOME is often used in affirmative statements. 

 

  1. SOME + COUNTABLE NOUNS : In this case, “some” means “ a few”. 

There are some postcards in my bag.

There are some students in the class.

There are some cherries in the basket.

There are some mistakes in the list.

 

  1. SOME + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS 

There is some dust on the floor.

There is some cheese in the fridge.

There is some fruit in the basket.

There is some fish on the plate. 

 

ANY is often used in negative sentences and questions. 

 

  1. ANY + COUNTABLE NOUNS

There aren’t any people on the moon.

There aren’t any skyscrapers in our town.

There are not any empty chairs for the guests.

Are there any doctors in your family?

Are there any plants to water?

 

  1. ANY + UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS 

There isn’t any milk in the bottle.

There isn’t any honey at home.

There isn’t any cold water here.

Is there any bread on the table?

Is there any wine left?

 

BE CAREFUL

In a negative sentence, we can use “no” in place of “not any”; However, “no” can also be used with countable singular nouns. When “no” is used, the verb is always positive. 

 

There aren’t any wild animals in the forest.

There are no wild animals in the forest. 

There isn’t any milk at home. 

There is no milk at home. 

 

Some is also used in offers and requests. 

 

Would you like some cake?

Could you do some typing for me? 

 

MUCH / MANY

 

Many and Much express a large quantity 

 

She has got much influence on you.

There are many students in the class.

There isn’t much sugar in the kitchen.

There aren’t many people in the streets.

Is there much rain in Istanbul?

Are there many books in your bag?

 

BE CAREFUL

TOO MUCH and TOO MANY indicate EXCESS and are used in affirmative sentences, but have a negative meaning.

 

There is too much noise in big cities.

There are too many people at the party.

 

HOW MUCH / HOW MANY

 

We use HOW MANY with PLURAL nouns.  

We use HOW MUCH with UNCOUNTABLE nouns. 

 

How many eggs?

How many sisters?

How many countries?

How many apples?

How much flour?

How much butter?

How much money?

 

A FEW / A LITTLE

 

A FEW expresses a small quantity. FEW implies that something is not many, not enough or almost none. It expresses a negative idea.

 

I have a few close friends in town, and we have a very good time together. 

I have few friends in town, so I feel lonely from time to time. 

 

A LITTLE expresses a small quantity. LITTLE implies that something is not much, not enough or almost none. It expresses a negative idea. 

 

We have a little milk. Let’s make a cake.

We have little milk. We can’t make a cake. 

Let’s go and have a drink. We’ve got a little time before the train leaves. (a little time = some time, enough time to have a drink) 

 

A LOT OF

 

Quantifier A LOT OF is used in all forms. We can also use ‘lots of’, which is more informal.

 

There are a lot of bus stops in Bornova.

I have got lots of story books.

Are there a lot of people in the queue? Yes, there are.

There is a lot of milk in the jug.

There isn’t a lot of honey in the hive.

Do you know a lot of people there?

She has lots of oxen on the farm.

 

EA Messaging error message: Please log in to join the chat