Part 1

Part 1

For questions 1-12, read the text below and decide which answer (A, B, Cor D) best fits each gap. There is an example at the beginning (O).

Mark your answers on the separate answer sheet. Example:

O A inhabited       B  lived        e dwelled        D resided


1 ° 1


A        B        C        D

–          Q         o


The changing earth

Although the earth was formed about 4,500 million years ago, human beings have (O)…… it for less than half a million years. Within this time, the population has increased hugely and people have had a vast (1) ….. upon the earth. They have long been able to (2)…… the forces of nature to use. Now, with modern technology, they have the power to alter the balance of lite on earth.Reports back from the first astronauts helped dispel the dangerous (3)…… that the world had no boundaries and had limitless resources. (4)….. , ecologists have shown that all forms of lite on earth are interconnected, so it (5)…… that all human activity has an effect on the natural Environment.

In recent years, people have been putting the environment under stress. As a result, certain (6) ….. materials such as timber, water and minerals are beginning to (7)….. short. Pollution and the (8) ….. ot waste are already critica! issues, and the (9)….. ot the environment is fast becoming the most pressing problem (1O) . .. .. us ali. The way we respond to the challenge will have a profound effect on the earth and its lite support (11) ….. .

However, despite all these threats there are (12)…… signs. Over the past few decades, the growth in population has been more than matched by food production, indicating that we should be able to tease ourselves for some time yet.


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