Listening Model 20

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Part 1



Number 1:

A: Oh no! I’ve lost my keys!


B: Did you leave them in your apartment, perhaps?


A: No, I had them when I left home, I don’t know what to do!




Number 2:

A: Why is he taking so long?


B: He’s got stuck in a traffic jam.




Number 3:

A: Hey, I’ve just found out about your new job! congratulations.
B: Yes, I’m excited but I’m a bundle of nerves too!
A: That’s normal starting something new can be frightening.




Number 4:

A: So, you are telling me you don’t know how to swim?


B: No, I told you that I come from a small village and never got round to learning… sorry!




Number 5:

A: Well, Well. I never expected you to come back to give it another shot.
B: I’m not that easy to give up! I’ll show you what I’m capable of!




Number 6:

A: What I don’t understand is how people find enjoyment out of going into the wilderness!
B: It’s about being in contact with nature, it’s so freeing! You should be more open to it!





Part 2



Conversation 1:

Ellie: Hey, Ted! I heard you’ve taken up cycling as a new hobby. That’s fantastic! It’s a great way to stay fit and enjoy the outdoors.


Ted: Yeah, Ellie, I’ve really gotten into it lately. Cycling has been a wonderful way to unwind and explore new places. I can’t get enough of it!


Ellie: That’s wonderful to hear. Cycling is not only fun but also provides numerous health benefits. Have you thought about adjusting your diet to support your new hobby?


Ted: Well, I haven’t really paid much attention to my diet. What do you suggest, Ellie?


Ellie: Firstly, make sure to eat a balanced diet that includes plenty of fruits and vegetables. They provide essential vitamins and minerals that aid in muscle recovery. Plus, they are great for overall health.


Ted: I agree that fruits and veggies are important, but I’m not a big fan. Can’t I just take some supplements instead?


Ellie: Supplements can help, but they shouldn’t replace whole foods. The natural nutrients found in fruits and vegetables are better absorbed by our bodies. You could try incorporating them into delicious smoothies or find creative ways to include them in your meals.


Ted: Hmm, I see your point. I’ll give it a try. Anything else I should keep in mind?


Ellie: Yup! Hydration is crucial, especially when engaging in physical activities like cycling. Make sure you drink enough water before, during, and after your rides. It will help you maintain your energy levels and prevent dehydration.


Ted: I do drink water, but sometimes I crave something more flavorful. Can I drink sports drinks instead?


Ellie: While sports drinks can be beneficial during intense workouts, they often contain added sugars and artificial flavors. Opt for natural alternatives like coconut water or make your own electrolyte drink using fresh fruits and a pinch of salt.


Ted: I never thought about that. Thanks for the tip, Ellie! I’ll definitely give it a try.




Conversation 2:

Robin: Hey Lily, how’s everything going with your volunteer work with refugee and immigrant children?


Lily: Hi Robin! It’s been an incredible experience so far. Working with these children has been really fulfilling. I remember this one little girl, Maria. She arrived at the shelter scared and traumatized, but over time, she started opening up. We bonded through art, and seeing her smile and express herself through creativity was truly heartwarming.


Robin: That sounds amazing, Lily. It must be rewarding to witness the positive changes in these children’s lives.


Lily: Absolutely! Another time, I met a boy named Ahmed who had recently arrived from a war-torn country. He was hesitant to interact with others due to the language barrier. I started teaching him basic English, and as he learned, his confidence grew. Seeing him make friends and communicate with other kids made me realize the impact even a small effort can have.


Robin: It’s wonderful to see the impact you’re making. These experiences must be incredibly meaningful for you. But let’s discuss the wider impact. Do you think volunteer work like this has a positive effect on developing countries’ societies?


Lily: Definitely! By helping these children integrate into their new communities, we’re promoting inclusivity and fostering empathy. It’s not just about supporting individuals, but also building stronger communities. These children are the future, and by investing in their well-being and education, we’re contributing to the development of their societies.


Robin: I agree that it’s crucial to invest in the younger generation. However, some argue that relying heavily on volunteers might hinder the development of local institutions. What are your thoughts on that?


Lily: I understand the concern, but in my experience, volunteer work is a supplement rather than a substitute for local institutions. Many organizations work in collaboration with governments and other stakeholders to address the needs of these children. Volunteers bring additional resources and expertise, which can help fill gaps and provide immediate support while long-term solutions are being developed.




Conversation 3:

Josh: Hey Sara, have you ever thought about the multiverse theory and how it’s been used in media and pop culture?


Sara: Absolutely! The multiverse theory is fascinating. I mean, the idea that there are parallel universes where different versions of ourselves exist is mind-blowing.


Josh: I totally agree. It’s an intriguing concept that opens up endless possibilities. Take movies like «The Matrix» and «Inception.» They explore the idea of alternate realities and different layers of existence.


Sara: Definitely, those movies challenge our perception of reality and make us question what is real. And then there’s «Sliders,» the TV series, where they travel through different dimensions. It’s a great example of how the multiverse theory can be used as a plot device.


Josh: Right, «Sliders» was awesome! But not all portrayals of the multiverse are the same. Some show it as a source of infinite potential and discovery, while others focus on the dangers and chaos it can bring.


Sara: That’s true. In the Marvel Cinematic Universe, for example, the multiverse is presented as a complex and dangerous place. The movie «Doctor Strange» explores the consequences of meddling with alternate realities.


Josh: Absolutely, and then there’s «Rick and Morty.» It uses the multiverse theory in a comedic way, showing the absurdity and unpredictability of different dimensions.


Sara: I enjoy «Rick and Morty,» but it can be quite confusing at times. It’s interesting how they use the multiverse as a backdrop for their adventures.


Josh: I agree, it’s not always easy to grasp the full extent of the multiverse theory, especially when it’s presented in such complex ways. But that’s what makes it intriguing.


Sara: Exactly! The multiverse theory has become a rich source of inspiration for storytellers. It allows them to explore different possibilities and challenge our understanding of reality.





Part 3



String instruments have played a vital role in human culture for centuries. From the captivating melodies of the guitar to the delightful strumming of the ukulele, these instruments have captured our hearts and minds. In this article, we will delve into the rich history of string instruments, explore their significance in various cultures, and highlight their indispensable role in orchestras.


The history of string instruments dates back thousands of years. Ancient civilizations, such as the Egyptians, Greeks, and Chinese, developed primitive forms of stringed instruments. These early instruments consisted of a hollow body and strings made from various materials, such as animal gut, silk, or metal. Over time, advancements in craftsmanship and technology led to the creation of more refined instruments, paving the way for the string instruments we know today.


String instruments have left an indelible mark on cultures worldwide. They have been a source of artistic expression, cultural identity, and storytelling. In traditional folk music, string instruments are often used to convey emotions, recount historical events, or celebrate festivities. For example, the ukulele, originating from Hawaii, is deeply ingrained in the island’s culture and is synonymous with the enchanting sound of tropical paradise.


In comparison to the guitar, the ukulele possesses a unique charm. While both instruments belong to the string family, the ukulele has a smaller body and fewer strings. This gives it a distinct timbre, producing a lighter and more cheerful sound. The guitar, on the other hand, boasts a larger body, a wider range of notes, and a versatile character capable of playing a wide array of musical genres.


Orchestras, the epitome of musical collaboration, rely heavily on string instruments. String sections form the foundation of an orchestra, with instruments such as the violin, viola, cello, and double bass providing the melodic and harmonic framework. These instruments blend together to create a lush and captivating sound, adding depth and texture to the ensemble’s overall performance.


The violin, often considered the «king of instruments,» takes center stage in orchestral settings. Its soaring melodies and expressive capabilities make it an essential component of any symphony. The viola, with its warm and rich tone, provides a harmonious counterpoint to the violin. The cello, with its deep and resonant sound, adds a profound and emotional dimension to orchestral compositions. Finally, the double bass, the largest and lowest-pitched instrument in the string family, anchors the ensemble with its powerful and fundamental tones.


Throughout history, string instruments have played a prominent role in the evolution of music. From the haunting melodies of classical compositions to the infectious rhythms of contemporary pop songs, these instruments have continuously shaped and reinvented musical genres. They have become vessels for human expression, allowing musicians to communicate their deepest emotions and connect with audiences on a profound level.


In conclusion, string instruments have transcended time and cultural boundaries, leaving an enduring impact on the world of music. Their rich history, expressive capabilities, and pivotal role in orchestras make them indispensable in our musical landscape. Whether it’s the intricate melodies of the violin or the vibrant strumming of the ukulele, these instruments have the power to transport us, evoke emotions, and create lasting memories. Let the harmonious journey of string instruments continue to enchant and inspire generations to come.





Part 4



Ellie: Hey guys, how’s everyone doing? I wanted to share my progress with you. I’ve been training for the triathlon for six months now, and I’m determined to win it!


Ted: That’s amazing, Ellie! I’ve been training too, but for the New York Marathon. It’s a 26-mile race, and I’m really excited about it. How’s your training going?


Ellie: It’s been intense but rewarding. I’ve been swimming, cycling, and running regularly to build my endurance. The most challenging part is maintaining a consistent training schedule while balancing work and other commitments.


Marshall: Ellie, I admire your dedication, but I’m not a big fan of intense endurance training. For my diving competition, I focus more on short bursts of high-intensity workouts and technical drills. It’s a different approach, but it works for me.


Ted: That’s interesting, Marshall. Different sports do require different training methods. Ellie, have you made any changes to your diet to support your training?


Ellie: Yup. Nutrition plays a crucial role in achieving our goals. For the triathlon, I’ve been focusing on a well-balanced diet with lean proteins like grilled chicken and fish, whole grains, and plenty of fruits and vegetables. It’s important to fuel my body with the right nutrients.


Ted: I agree with you, Ellie. Proper nutrition is vital for marathon training too. However, I’ve also incorporated intermittent fasting into my routine, which has shown some positive effects on my energy levels and overall performance.


Marshall: Interesting approach, Ted. As a doctor, I’ve always emphasized the importance of a balanced diet, including all the necessary macronutrients and micronutrients. I believe it provides the essential fuel for physical and mental well-being, regardless of the sport.


Ellie: Totally, Marshall. A balanced diet is key, and it’s important to listen to our bodies and find what works best for each of us individually. We all have different needs and preferences when it comes to nutrition.


Marshall: Absolutely, Ellie. Our bodies are unique, and what works for one person may not work for another. It’s essential to experiment and find the right balance of nutrients that supports our specific goals and keeps us healthy.


Ted: I couldn’t agree more. It’s all about finding what works best for us as individuals. Whether it’s nutrition or training methods, we should always listen to our bodies and make adjustments accordingly.


Ellie: Speaking of goals, besides the triathlon, what other fitness aspirations do you guys have?


Ted: Well, besides the marathon, I want to improve my overall strength and flexibility. I’ve started doing regular yoga sessions, and it’s been quite beneficial. It helps prevent injuries and enhances my running performance.


Marshall: As for me, besides the diving competition, I aim to maintain a consistent exercise routine to stay fit and healthy. It helps me manage stress as well. I’ve also been working on my flexibility and balance through yoga.


Ellie: It’s great to have different fitness goals and explore various activities. We can learn from each other’s experiences and broaden our horizons.


Ted: Absolutely, Ellie. The diversity in our goals and approaches makes our conversations even more enriching. We can exchange tips and motivate each other along the way.


Marshall: I couldn’t agree more. It’s inspiring to hear about your goals, and it motivates me to push myself further in my own pursuits. Having this supportive group is truly invaluable.
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