Simile – a descriptive technique that compares one thing with another, usually using ‘as’ or ‘like’.
The trees stood as tall as towers.
Metaphor – a descriptive technique that names a person, thing or action as something else.
The circus was a magnet for the children.
Hyperbole – a use of obvious exaggeration for rhetorical effect.
The sun scorched through the day.
Personification – a metaphor attributing human feelings to an object.
The sun smiled at the hills, ready to begin a new day.
Pathetic fallacy – a type of personification where emotions are given to a setting, an object or the weather.
The clouds crowded together suspiciously overhead as the sky darkened.
Onomatopoeia – words that sound a little like they mean.
The autumn leaves and twigs cracked and crunched underfoot.
Oxymoron – a phrase combining two or more contradictory terms.
There was a deafening silence
Emotive language – language intended to create an emotional response.
A heart-breaking aroma of death filled the air as he surveyed the devastation and destruction that had befallen them all.